Wood Species and their Properties

Wood varies, there are around 25,000 types of wood worldwide, of which approximately 600 to 800 are regularly traded worldwide. Also, a large selection of European types of wood, the timber trade also offers numerous exotic wood species from Africa, Asia & America. Each type of wood has its characteristics, which can be advantageous considering the intended use and the surrounding area.


Hardwood is usually heavier, harder and harder than softwood due to its structure. It is very often used in interior design and the furniture sector. Local, typical hardwoods are, e.g., beech, oak, ash, and sweet chestnut.

Woods with a density of more than 0.55 grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm³) are usually referred to as “hardwood.”

The Beech

Beechwood stands out for its hardness and smoothness and is the most sought-after furniture woods in America. Also, in the toy production prefers the beech preferred for use. Due to its very high compressive strength, the wood is ideal for use as a floor covering. The homogeneous structure also makes the wood very easy to process wood, which can be quickly and cleanly treated with all craft and machine tools. Noteworthy; beech wood with the help of water vapor, also the ash wood, ensures the best of all hardwoods bend. The Viennese coffee house chairs made of beech wood and produced regarding the principle of the bending process.

The Oak

The wood of the oak is hard and characterized by excellent strength properties and high abrasion resistance.It is excellently suited as lumber – even in weathered outdoor applications. For many centuries, foundations made of oak wood piles played an important role – entire cities such as Venice and Amsterdam are primarily based on oak piles. Oakwood is considered noble and is often used for the production of durable and high-quality solid wood furniture. Equally favorite is the wood of the oak as frameworks, doors, windows, stairs, and parquet- as well as belt bottoms. A particular use of the oak wood is the production of vats, barrels, and tubs for liquids such as cognac, whiskey, and wine, which often mature for years in oak barrels to improve taste. Oakwood is also found on tool handles, toys, packing and transport boxes, agricultural implements or piano parts, also used church pews found in shops.